摘要：Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) also show working memory deficits. However, few studies have explored the factors that affected the working memory in ASD. The theory of executive function has been one important concept to understand cognitive impairments in ASD. In the present talk, I will present the relationship between executive function and the visuospatial working memory in ASD, and the relationship between the executive function and the autistic traits in typically developing boy and girl children as well as the underlying neural mechanism.